To answer that question, it’s necessary to learn a little about hair and how it grows.
Hair is comprised of two major structures – the hair shaft and the follicle, or root. The shaft is composed of inner and outer sheaths, which surround and protect the follicle. Toward the bottom of the follicle is the hair matrix epithelium, one of the fastest growing cell populations in the human body. Cells in this area divide every 23 to 72 hours, resulting in hair growth of about six inches per year.
Human hair growth is not synchronized. At any given time 80 to 90 percent of scalp hair is growing (the anagen phase), 10 to 20 percent is resting (telogen) and the balance is in transition between growth and shedding (catagen).
It’s normal, then, for humans to lose a small amount of hair every day and this loss is typically balanced by new growth. Alopecia – the medical term for hair loss – occurs when the growth/rest/
shedding balance is interrupted.
Anagen effluvium is a type of widespread hair loss that can affect hair on the scalp, face and body and occurs during to hair in the growth phase, not the shedding phase. The most common cause of anagen effluvium is cancer treatment. It is usually noticeable within a few weeks of starting treatment.
In telogen effluvium, there is widespread thinning of the hair, rather than specific bald patches. Your hair may feel thinner, but you’re unlikely to lose it all and your other body hair isn’t usually affected.
Telogen effluvium can be caused by your body reacting to hormonal changes, intense emotional stress, physical stress, short or long-term illness and various medications, including both prescribed and over-the-counter remedies.
Because many healthcare providers don’t talk to patients about drug-induced hair loss, the American Hair Loss Association has compiled the following list of medications known to cause hair loss.
• Acne: All drugs derived from vitamin A, including
• Blood Thinners: Warfarin (Panwarfin, Sofarin,
Coumadin) and Heparin
• Cholesterol-Lowering Medications: Atromid-S
(clofibrate) and Lopid (gemfibrozil)
• Convulsions/Epilepsy: Anticonvulsants
• Depression: Anafranil (clomipramine), Elavil
(amitriptyline), Norpramin (desipramine), Pamelor
(nortriptyline), Paxil (paroxetine), Prozac
(fluoxetine), Sinequan (doxepin), Surmontil
(trimipramine), Tofranil (imipramine), Vivactil
(protriptyline) and Zoloft (sertraline)
• Diet/Weight Loss: Amphetamines
• Fungus: Antifungals
• Glaucoma: Timoptic Eye Drops (timolol), Timoptic Ocudose (timolol), Timoptic XE (timolol)
• Gout: (allopurinol)
• Heart/High Blood Pressure: Tenormin (atenolol), Lopressor (metoprolol), Corgard (nadolol), Inderal and Inderal LA (propanolol), Blocadren (timolol); all beta blockers.
• Hormonal Conditions: Birth control pills, hormone-replacement therapy (HRT) for women (estrogen or
progesterone); male androgenic hormones and all forms of testosterone; anabolic steroids, Prednisone and other steroids. All hormone-containing drugs and drugs prescribed for hormone-related, reproductive, male-specific, and female-specific conditions and situations have the potential to cause hair loss.
• Inflammation: Many anti-inflammatory drugs, including those prescribed for localized pain, swelling and injury. Arthritis drugs and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) including naproxen,
indomethacin, Clinoril (sulindac) and Methotrexate
• Parkinson’s Disease: Levadopa/L-dopa
• Thyroid Disorders: Many drugs used to treat the thyroid.
• Ulcer: Many drugs used to treat indigestion, stomach difficulties and ulcers, including over-the-counter and prescription strength. Tagamet
(cimetidine), Zantac (ranitidine), Pepcid
What to do if your medication is on the list
First, it’s very important you continue to take your medications as prescribed. Speak to your doctor about any hair loss concerns. Working together, you may be able to find alternative medications that don’t have hair loss as a side effect.
When there are no medication alternatives and long-term therapy must continue, you should know that there are affordable, viable options that will allow you to receive the medical treatment you need and maintain your look.
Hair by Kimberly offers a full range of hair loss options, including custom-made human hair pieces and human hair and synthetic wigs. The salon offers a spa-like setting with comfortable, private space where you can try on various looks and styles.
Kimberly is a certified medical hair loss specialist and a cosmetologist with more than 25 years of salon experience and has devoted the past 15 years to helping people dealing with hair loss, regardless of the cause. Additional services include:
• Partial and full bonding services
• Cut and styling of hair pieces and the client’s
• Care for human hair and synthetic wigs
• ACS Look Good Feel Better certified
To learn more about hair replacement call the salon at (859) 363-5467 or visit Hair by Kimberly online at www.HairReplacementKY.com. Hair by Kimberly’s Custom Wig Boutique is located at 2000 Family Circle, Suite D, Lexington.
Hair by Kimberly